JCS Vol.4 No.4:
December 2009




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Editorial

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Darwin and Evolution

Charles Darwin's Cambridge Life 1828-1831  PP:2-13

John van WYHE
Darwin's years in Cambridge were some of the most important and formative of his early life. For the rest of his life he felt a particular affection for Cambridge. For a time he even considered a Cambridge professorship as a career and he sent three of his sons there to be educated. ...
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Christian Evolutionists in the United States, 1860-1900  PP:14-22

Bernard LIGHTMAN
In this paper I will examine the theistic evolutionism of four important American Christian leaders, Minot Judson Savage, Joseph Cook, Henry Ward Beecher, and Lyman Abbott. From the late 1870s to the 1890s these men played a key role in the construction of a theory of evolution congenial to various forms of Christianity. ...
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The Secret History of Victorian Evolution  PP:23-36

James A. SECORD
I have a confession to make. For the past three years I have been Director of the Darwin Correspondence Project, and have spent much of this time (and certainly most of 2009) making Darwin better known. It is a part of my job. ...
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What Does Evolutionary Science Provide for Contemporary Philosophy? On Ernst Mayr's "New Philosophy of Biology"  PP:37-45

Jianhui LI
Ernst Mayr is a well-known biologist and philosopher in the twentieth century. Being a biologist, he is an important person in constructing the synthesis theory of evolution; being a philosopher, he has advocated a new philosophy, which, he claims, synthesizes the achievement of different biologies and physics, while at the same time getting rid of the influences of the traditional philosophy of science. ...
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A Non-Darwinian in the Darwin Year  PP:46-55

Jim SECORD and Haiyan YANG

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Law   

Family Issues in China's Private International Law  PP:56-71

Yongping XIAO, Zhengxin HUO
Family is the very foundation of civil society, and no part of laws and institutions of a country can be of more vital importance to its subjects than those that regulate the manner and conditions of forming, and if necessary, of dissolving, the family. ...
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An Overview of Choice of Jurisdiction and Law of Foreign-related Cases in China  PP:72-81

Huanfang DU
As a result of development in the relations of foreign economy and trade, there have been a great number of civil and commercial cases involving foreign elements in China. Many problems of private international law are very pressing, such as choice of jurisdiction, choice of law and judicial assistance, etc., which need to be resolved step by step. ....
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Choice of Law in Tort: A Chinese Approach  PP:82-97

Zhengxin HUO
Tort is a civil wrong other than breach of contract for which a remedy may be obtained, usually, in the form of damages. The choice of law process in the field of tort has been said to raise "one of the most vested questions in the conflict of laws". ...
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On Non-discriminate Effort and Challenge of China from the Perspective of Law.  PP:98-102

Shukun ZHAO
China has been making great efforts to practice the principle of equality through legislation and litigation since its reform and opening to the outside world. Although some successes have been got, on the whole to achieve "non-discrimination", China still has to face such difficulties as the divisional rural-urban social structure, the disharmonious legal system and the cultural environment that has lost core value.
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Literature

The Conflicting Voices in Tony Harrison's Poetry  PP:103-113

Xiaodong LIANG
Tony Harrison is one of the representatives of the contemporary public poets whose poetry seems to be a language arena in which different narrative voices from different social milieus are imposed upon each other; whose different utterances ideologically orientated collide with each other at every nuance of the semantic level, and whose poetry features as double-voiced discourse. ....
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"Our Common Sufferings": Reflections on the Ethical Dimensions of Contemporary Disaster Poetry  PP:114-126

Zhuo WANG
The latter half of the 20th century witnessed a turning point of reconsideration of the relations between poetry and ethics. The new millennium, when people all over the world experience suffering from natural and man-made disasters again and again, sees the outpourings of poems in response to various disastrous events....
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A Distant Inheritance: The Poetry of Elizabeth Bishop and the American Transcendentalism  PP:127-135

Junsong CHEN
Among post-modern American poets, Elizabeth Bishop stands as a unique poetic voice. In the poetry produced in the second half of the twentieth century, the Bishop style, which is characterized by precision, objectivity and delicacy, represented a tradition. ...
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Vengeance, Indifference, and Concern The Ethical Interpretation of Man-Nature Relations in Moby-Dick  PP:136-146

Haiping GUO
Herman Melville's Moby-Dick offers a diversity of human conducts towards nature. This essay probes into the ethical motives behind the respective conducts of the main characters, namely, captain Ahab, the chief mate Starbuck, the sailor Ishmael. ....
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Snow's "Two Cultures"

Two Cultures Revisited in David Lodge's Works  PP:147-155

Rong OU
Science and Humanities, Two Cultures debate has long existed in English academia. As early as in 1880s, there was debate between Huxley and Arnold about the priority of science or literature in higher education. ...
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