JCS Vol.5 No.4:
December 2010

Focus of Journal of Cambridge Studies (JCS)

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Migraine and Metaphysics: Sentinels of Science in Nineteenth-century Physics  PP:1-15

Peter C. Kjærgaard
In an old boy network of nineteenth-century natural philosophers, all with a background in mathematics from the University of Cambridge, a conspicuous aversion ruled against metaphysics. Within these circles it produced a strong compulsion to define the limits of genuine scientific endeavour. ...
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Evolutionism Combined with Spiritualism: A. R. Wallace's Approach  PP:16-26

A. R. Wallace was the co-founder of the theory of natural selection and a solid supporter of Darwin, but he combined evolutionism with spiritualism, and tried to understand human evolution and evolutionary ethics with a spiritualistic teleology. This teleological version is a typical example of non-Darwinian evolutionism, which was rooted in the ideology of Victorian progressionism, and was used to avoid the materialism implicated in Darwinism. Through investigating Wallace's approach, we may realize how progressionism had worked as the bridge between science and religion in Victorian Age.
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The International Scientific Series and the Communication of Darwinism  PP:27-38

In this paper I examine whether or not the International Scientific Series (ISS) disseminated Darwinian views of the relationship between science and religion throughout its existence as a unique experiment in publishing. Initially, the key players were Thomas Henry Huxley, John Tyndall, Herbert Spencer, and Edward Youmans, all evolutionary naturalists, and they shared a complex perspective on the relationship between science and religion. Although the ISS began as a publishing project devoted to the dissemination of evolutionary naturalism, I will argue that by the early 1880¡¯s a new course had been set when the original founders of the series were no longer in control.
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Studying the Cultural History of Victorian Science  PP:39-47

Zunke KE

An interview with Prof. Bernard LIGHTMAN from Zunke KE.
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The Politics of Representation and Subversion in Victorian Soundscape: An Ideological Study of Music  PP:48-60

This paper attempts to investigate the intricate, essential and yet rarely addressed relationship between music and politics in Victorian era. Based on the theoretical traditions of influential scholars including Terry Eagleton and Jacques Attali, it first discusses the rationale and means of Victorian dominant middle-class in their ideological control of music. ...
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An Historiographical Approach to Democratization  PP:61-75

Contemporary theoretical examinations of the processes of democratization have a common feature. They view the transformation of regimes and the implementation of democracy from the perspective of institutionalization. Moreover, they evaluate the success of democratization according to minimalistic definitions of democracy. These theories manifest in a disregard for the historical dimension of a development in the meaning of democracy, and its relation to local and contemporary circumstances. ...
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China's Rise and Regional Strategy: Power, Interdependence and Identity  PP:76-92

Qianqian LIU
This article attempts to examine and critique the theoretical debates on the rise of China and its regional strategy in East Asia. Three major paradigms in international relations theories ¨C realism, liberalism and constructivism ¨C are focused on. This article argues that each theoretical theory alone is inadequate for a comprehensive understanding of China¡¯s regional strategy in East Asia since the late 1990s. While sometimes they are considered as competing approaches, these different theoretical perspectives supplement each other. It concludes that only a combination of material interests and ideational factors at both the domestic and systematic level can deepen our understanding of China¡¯s regional behaviour.
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The Reconciliation of Reason and Faith in Gothic Period of Medieval Europe  PP:93-109

Zhenping WANG
The term Gothic refers to a style of art and architecture and to the period of their development in Western Europe, which lasted from the middle of twelfth century into the fourteenth century in Italy and later in other European countries. During the period, there appeared one conflict---reason verse faith. Some of the medieval thinkers, artists and literary writers tried to find ways to reconcile the conflict. ...
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The Chinese Political Blogosphere and NPC&CPPCC  PP:110-120

Pengcheng HE, Xi FAN
In this paper, we study the relationship between Chinese political blogosphere and "Lianghui" (NPC&CPPCC) through examining different types of political blogs on current events and public policies during the course of NPC&CPPCC over the years, maily concerned on politically representatives blogs, grassroots blogs and groups blogs. In particular, we analyze some popular political blogs of "A-list" postings in order to study what and how they express, discuss and communicate their veiws on "Lianghui" issue. We find that the advent and growth of political blogging has provided Chinese citizens with a convenient, speedy and democratic channel for political expresstion, discussion, communication and participation on NPC&CPPCC.
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