Socio-Economic Determents of Smoking and Drinking in China: Urban-Rural Difference PP:1-16
Guoqiang TIAN1, Zhijie WANG2
1College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University
2College of Humanities and Development, China Agricultural University

Despite numerous side effects associated with smoking and drinking, the appealand conditional demand of themin China are still in the ascendant. Though a heavy volume of literature has been found with respect to this issue, few empirical studies have been done on smoking and drinking in China. ...
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Wage Income and Returns to Education in Rural China: Based on Quantile Regression Method PP:17-26
Ying WANG1, Zhiwang LV 1, Zhi QU2
1 China Agricultural University
2 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Employing quantile regression method, this paper estimated the Mincer equation of the wage income of Chinese rural residents. The results showed that, as income quantiles increased, returns to rural education declined slowly at first and then made a small rise. ...
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The Way to Increase Incomes of Farmers at the Present Stage and the Future PP:27-39
Xiaodi ZHAO1, Junfeng ZHU2
1 Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijng, China
2 College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China

Through the analysis of the changes in farmers' income and the urban-rural income gap since the 1980s ,combine with the current success cases of practice and exploration, how to increase the farmers' income is analyzed . ...
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The Dongxiang Language and People PP:40-48
Dan XU1, Xiaodong XIE2, Shaoqing WEN2
2 Institute of Medical Genetics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, China
By incorporating results from linguistics, history, anthropology and biology, this paper argues that the Persian, Arabic and Turkic lexical elements in the Dongxiang language are not loanwords, but rather modern preservations from the substratum language spoken by their forefathers, whose origin was related to the Semu people in central Asia....
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New type of Learner Emerging: Understanding Learners of Chinese as a Heritage Language PP:49-61
Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge
With the recent influx of immigrants from Chinese speaking regions to all over the world, in many countries there now exist a noticeable Chinese community. Within these overseas Chinese communities there emerge a great need to maintain the Chinese language and culture among the younger generations and accordingly there emerges a new type of learner who are ethnically Chinese and have some competence in Chinese yet still needs to learn the language systematically. ...
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On the Translation and Dissemination of Chinese Modern and Contemporary Fictions - With the Translation of Mu Xin's Short Stories as a Case Study PP:62-75
Qiaodan LU1 Yanfei LU1
1Zhejiang University, China
The Chinese modern and contemporary fictions in English translation have not made much impact in the English-speaking countries. The publishing of Mu Xin's first collection of short stories in English creates a stir in America. With the application of the new principle of 'Difference, Displacement, Travel and Art' put forward by its translator Toming Jun Liu, the translation is able to capture the exquisite quality of these stories. ...
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Left Dislocation Construction in Modern Languages: A Comparative Study of Chinese and European languages  PP:76-97
Jinan WANG1, Hongying ZHENG2
1 Shanghai International Studies University, China
2 School of Foreign Languages, Sichuan Normal University
Left Dislocation (LD), as a marked construction syntactically, is of great significance theoretically and practically. However, academic studies on the syntax-discourse interface of the construction and the logic behind it are still at the budding stage. Studies on LD in English, Chinese, French, German and Spanish are emerging. ...
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